Are dandelions weeds?
It’s early spring and dandelions (Taraxacum Officinale) are sprouting everywhere. Your first reflex is to pick them and discard them, to keep your lawn pristine. But don’t! Dandelions are very useful herbs for your home pharmacy, and every part of the dandelion has its own medicinal properties. Dandelion has been used for centuries in Europe, but it is also part of Chinese and Islamic traditional medicines, as well as Native American cultures. It is truly your garden’s overlooked treasure! Here are some of dandelion’s main benefits:
Dandelion root is a powerful tonic and has long been used to support digestion and support the liver. It is a diuretic and thus it encourages kidney function. It is thus commonly used as part of a detox diet as it supports the liver and helps it cleanse itself through excretion of the bile. You can drink dandelion root as an infusion or decoction. It has a delicious nutty flavour and none of coffee’s side effects and addictive properties, so it is a perfect replacement for your morning brew. To collect your roots, look for young dandelions that have not yet flowered: they are easy to identify because of the distinctive shape of their leaves (dandelion comes from the French “dents de lion”, meaning lion’s teeth!). After that, the roots will shrink and get slightly bitter, so it’s better not to use plants with flowers.
How to make Roast dandelion root coffee?
Collect a small handful of dandelion roots and rinse carefully. Place in the oven on medium heat (around 180°C) for about 20 mins. Then, prepare your decoction: place the roots in a small pan of water (about 2 cups of water), bring to boil and let simmer for about 10 minutes. Your decoction will take a brown colour. You can then add frothy milk, or drink straight as!
Dandelion leaves and flowers
Leaves are usually taken as a tea: collect and clean a few leaves, leave them dry for a couple of days, and they can then be consumed as needed. They can also be eaten fresh as a salad as they are full of minerals, particularly iron, magnesium, manganese, calcium and copper.
The leaves are actually a stronger diuretic than the roots, and they can be very efficient in cases of water retention, or if you are feeling bloated. They act gently on the digestive system without leaving you dehydrated. It is also used for people with high blood pressure.
The flowers can be eaten fresh from your garden! They can be added to salads, and you can also gently fry young buds in a bit of butter. They add a pop of colour to your plate, and they are also a good source of flavonoids. They also contain lutein which is very important for eye health. Flowers can be used in a large variety of recipes: try making Indian fried pakoras or fritters for instance!